Monday, July 16, 2012

Liaoning (Proving) Museum in Shenyang

I visited Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang in May, when I visited my family there.  It had impressive collections of ancient jade, bronze and other artifacts from the region and beyond.  The region was a multiple-ethnic region rich with cultural diversity and long history belied its crude and backwater reputation.

Its most eye-popping artifact was a huge (size of a large extended hand) jade "Pig Dragon", the so called original dragon in China, from a site prove to be the oldest known civilization in China:

Goddes from the Oldest Civilization in China - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9626
Goddess from the Oldest Civilization in China

Pig Dragon - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9633
Original Dragon - Pig Dragon

Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9640
Tomb from the ancient civilization

In a special archeology exhibit, I saw amazing grains of 7,000 to 10,000 year old and some slightly younger earthware:

7000-10,000 years old rice and other grains - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9524
7000-10,000 years old rice and other grains

4200-3600 B.C. - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9537
4200-3600 B.C. Earthware

2600 B.C. - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9532
2600 B.C.  Earthware

Rolling Pin - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9536
Rolling Pin

More flashy artifacts were gigantic cast bronze wares and utensils, often for religious purposes, dating from Shang (1600-1046 BC) and Zhou (1046–256 BC) Dynasties:

Zhou Dynasty Artifacts - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9560
Zhou Dynasty Artifacts

Bronze Collections - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9650
Bronze Collections from the Museum

Tomb from Shang Dynasty - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9585
Shang Dynasty Tomb and Artifacts

Bronze and Its Patterns - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9651 Bronze and Its Patterns - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9652
Bronze and Patterns

Bronze from Liaoning Region - Liaoning 
(Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9641
Bronze from Liaoning Region

I also found ancient coin collections fascinating, particularly those molds for coins in the shape of knives:

Coins - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9598 Coins - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9591
Ancient coins

Coins and molds - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9593
Coins and molds

Burial rituals were represented by a reconstructed tomb of a general in the region and some tomb wall paintings:

Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9685
Reconstruction of the General Tomb at Micanggou in Huanren

Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9691
Reconstruction of the General Tomb at Micanggou in Huanren

Tomb Wall Paintings - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9675
Tomb Wall Paintings

Tomb Wall Paintings - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9676
Tomb Wall Paintings

Liaoning region was a multi-ethnic region and not part of the traditional Chinese culture, so the Museum boasted some artifacts from Khitan and Manchu People.  Manchu people were those who established the last dynasty in China, Qing (1644 - 1912), while Khitan people were "a nomadic Mongolic people, originally from Mongolia and Manchuria (the northeastern region of modern day China) from the 4th century. As the Liao Dynasty they dominated a vast area north of, and including parts of, China; but have left few relics that have survived until today. After the fall of Liao in 1125, many Khitans moved further west and established the state of Kara Khitai, which was finally destroyed by the Mongol Empire in 1218." [Source: Wikipedia]

Below are pictures of some selected artifacts of Khitan and Manchu People:

Khitan People Artifacts - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9726

Khitan People Artifacts - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9728 Khitan People Artifacts - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9723

Khitan People Artifacts - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9719

Official seals with Khitan Scripts - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9704
Official seals with Khitan Inscriptions

Gold Crafts - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9504
Gold crafts from Qing Dynasty

Manchu People Artifacts - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9737
Manchu People Artifacts - War Equipments

The Museum was not a fine art museum but it often staged special fine art exhibits, such as the one I saw in May - Zhang Daqiang (Chang Dai-Chen) (May 10, 1899 – April 2, 1983) and Dunhuang.  Zhang or Chang was one of the best-known Chinese artists of the twentieth century, originally made his name as a traditional Chinese painter, then by the 1960s he became a modern impressionist and expressionist painter. In the early part of the 20th century, he went to Dunhuang to study Buddhist art in hundreds of painted caves.  Below are his original painting and his cave painting study:

Zhang Daqian and Dunhuang - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9473

Zhang Daqian and Dunhuang - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9462

I also saw a calligraphy scroll by him in the exhibition, with many personal seals at the bottom - seals on Chinese paintings and calligraphy were important for authentication.  A man stood in front of the scroll endlessly and documented from every possible angle of every single details.  Someone murmured that the purpose of such study was forgery.  Perhaps.

Zhang Daqian and Dunhuang - Liaoning (Province) Museum in Shenyang, China _ 9479


Label: Shenyang Trip 2012

42 comments:

  1. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

    ReplyDelete
  2. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Welcome you all to World Sight Journey, a Nepal-based travel operator offering world class trekking and touring services!
    Established a decade ago, World Sight Journey has been specializing in providing premier trekking, expeditions, and touring packages in the various hotspot destinations of Nepal. Besides, we also have been organizing hiking, jungle safari, river rafting, bungee jumping and mountain biking packages successfully throughout the popular destinations of Nepal. Since the inception, World Sight Journey has been proudly showcasing the scenic beauty of glorious Himalayas, the grandeur of incredibly diverse and wonderful Nepalese culture, amazingly rich flora and fauna, some yet-to-be discovered landscapes and many more to its valued clients from around the globe. We are so proud to showcase Nepal to the world.
    trekking in Nepal, Trekking Company in Nepal, Everest base camp Trekking, Annapurna Base Camp Trekking, Upper Mustang Trekking , Peak Climbing in Nepal, Manaslu Circuit Trekking, Kanchenjunga Trekking, Island Peak Climbing

    ReplyDelete
  4. Dear valuable guest,
    You are grand Welcome to Nepal Base Camp Treks. A Premier Himalayan Local Trekking and tour Agency in Kathmandu
    Our teams cordially feel immense pleasure to welcoming you all the official page of Nepal Base Camp Treks (P) Ltd, a premier local travel and trekking operator based in Kathmandu. After long experience in Tourism Sector and being a government registered trekking company, Nepal Base Camp Treks takes pride for being recognized by national and international organizations, currently affiliated TAAN (Trekking Agencies Association of Nepal), NTB (Nepal Tourism Board), NMA (Nepal Mountaineering Association), PPN (porters progress Nepal ), FNTN (Federation of National Tourism Nepal ), Kathmandu Environmental Education Project (KEEP) and IETS (International Eco-Tourism Society ),. Moreover, our company is featured in and highly recommended by much-acclaimed Trip Advisor as well.
    Based in Kathmandu, we have been successfully operating a number of reliable travel options for various trips to all Nepal Himalayas as, Everest Base Camp Trek, Everest Chola Pass Trek Gokyo lake Valley Trek, Annapurna Base Camp Trek, Ghorepani Poonhill Trek, Annapurna Circuit Trek, Langtang Valley Trek, Helambu Circuit Trek, Manaslu Circuit Trek, Upper Mustang Trek, and neighboring countries Tibet and Bhutan. Since the inception, we have been largely providing our valuable clients with opportunities for Sightseeing Tours, City tours, Mix Cultural Trekking Tours, Cultural Tours, Pilgrimage Tours, Tea House Trekking, Camping Trek in High Himalayas and Mountaineering, and all other sort of outdoor adventure trips inside of Nepal Himalaya. Decade 16 year’s long experienced in Tourism industry has taught us a lot to excel up to be one of the your most trusted trekking and travel operators of Kathmandu Nepal. The primary reasons behind this trust and success are the way we serve our clients and the way we've been organizing every sort of trips. The safety, security, and satisfaction of our clients have always been of paramount importance to us, and we're never saying in words only we do in practical way. Our teams keep receiving huge appreciation from our valued clients from all around the world, which we think, is our guiding light to make best out of your future trips.
    Humbly if you are planning your next holiday in Nepal Himalaya, let us know, we would like to help your plan and organize your life-defining trip under your feet and memorable being a government registered trekking company, Nepal Base Camp Treks takes pride for trekking in nepal, and goverment resgister trekking company in nepal being recognized.
    Nepal Base Camp Treks (Pvt. Ltd.)
    Post Box: 8170 Thamel, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Mobile: +977-9851111874
    Email: sappagomso@hotmail.com
    info@nepalbasecamptreks.com
    URL:- www.nepalbasecamptreks.com

    ReplyDelete
  5. Nepal Everest Base camp Treks' s heartily welcome to you. Nepal Everest Base Camp Treks Pvt. Ltd. was established as a successful result of decade’s long involvement and long experienced in Nepalese tourism industry. Having had experience of operating and leading wonderful adventure Trips in some of the most captivating vistas of Nepal Himalayas successfully. we have been providing service with interesting trekking packages. i.e. Everest Base camp trekking, Everest three pass trekking, Everest trekking, Annapurna base camp trekking, Annapurna circuit trekking, Annapurna ghorepani poon hill trekking, Ghorepani poon hill trekking, ghorepani ghandrunk trekking, khayera ridge trekking, Annapurna sanctuary trekking, Poon hill trekking, Annapurna Trekking, Manaslu trekking, Manaslu circuit trekking, Manaslu Tsum valley Trekking, Langtang valley Trekking,Langtang Tamang heritage Trekking,Langtang Gosainkunda pass Trekking,Helambu Trekking,Helambu cultural trekking,langtang Ganja la pass trekking,Upper mustang Trekking,Mustang Trekking,Jomsom muktinath trekking,Upper Dolpa Trekking, Ruby valley trekking,Ganesh himal trekking etc to several kind of recreation loving tourist destinations since 2005 however we are keen of promoting our company service therefore.
    Nepal Everest Base Camp Treks Pvt. Ltd.
    Saat Ghumti Thamel, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Mobile No:+977- 9841902116
    info@nepaleverestbasecamptreks.com
    anjan99nebct@gmail.com
    www.nepaleverestbasecamptreks.com

    ReplyDelete
  6. Dear All My Valuable Client
    Family Adventure Treks and Expedition Pvt. Ltd. is Professional Trekking Company in Nepal. It has been leading since 2000 to till regularly and Repudiate Trekking agency, The Family Adventure is Government Authorized known as Tourism board Certificate and fully trusted thousand of client has been high recommend.
    We are Associate of Trekking Agency Association (TAAN), Nepal Mountaineering Association (NMA) and Tourism board (NTB) we operate as your desire all the requirement for filling the classic and various Trekking region as some touristic and none touristic are in Nepal as. Annapurna Ghorepani Poonhill Trekking, Annapurna Base Camp trekking, Annapurna Circuit Trekking, Muktinath Jomsom Trekking, Pokhara royel Trekking and Dhampus Sarankot Trekking of Annapurna Region. The Second Part of Popularity Langtang Region is Langtange Valley Trekking, Langtang Goshainkunda Pass Trekking, Langtang Ganjala Pass Trekking, Helambu Cricuit Trekking and Shivapuri Nagarkot Trekking .
    The Third Part of highly popularity in the world Everest Region Trekking is Everest Base Camp Trekking, Everest Gokyo Lake Trekking, Jiri to Everest Base Camp trekking, Everest three Pass trekking is adventure type of moderate Trekking in Nepal.

    Details Contact
    Family Adventure Treks & Expedition
    GPO 14445 Thamel, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Phone: +977-1-4700663, 4700434
    Hotline: +977-9841244957 (Arjun)
    Email: info@nepaltrekkingtour.com
    URL:- www.nepaltrekkingtour.com

    ReplyDelete
  7. Nepal Base Camp Treks (P) Ltd (team guide) are not only provide you a perfect holiday tour services, also here to organize your trouble less trekking holidays in scenic green hills to icy peaks where reachable on foot.
    There are hundreds of best and fantastic trekking tour operators in Nepal, offer you to choose many popular trekking destinations in high Himalayas as, Everest Base Camp Trek, Everest Chola Pass Gokyo Lake trek, Everest Gokyo Renjo la Pass Trek, Annapurna Base Camp Trek, Annapurna Circuit Thorong La Pass Trek , Upper Mustang Trek,Annapurna Nar –Phu Hidden Valley Trek, Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek, Manaslu Circuit via Tsum Valley Trek, Langtang Valley Trek,Gosaikund Helambu Trek, Kathmandu Valley Circuit Trek and untouched tourist destinations of Ganesh Himal Camping Trek, Tawal Earthquake Area Camping Trek, Upper Dolpa Trek, Makalu Base Camp Trek and much more… as you desirable.
    If you are looking for perfect trekking operator and perfect guide who take care all your responsible and looking unexpected trouble free holidays in Nepal, our professional guides, Bibek Gurung, Buddhi Tamang, Anjan Waiba, Debman Tamang and female guide Pramila Lama are our young and 10 /12 year experienced license holder in Nepal Base Camp Treks (P) Ltd.
    We are fully government Registered small group trekking company in nepal and trained under the ministry of tourism sector around 10/15 years. We operate only trekking in Nepal Himalaya and small peak climbing.
    You are heartily welcome to Nepal Base Camp Treks (P) Ltd. to experience your wonder trekking activities in Himalaya with our team believes "providing good service" is our motto. Our team also believes not to regret your past, not to worry about future but let's enjoy the journey with us.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Legal zoom and Research Nepal is leading law firm of Nepal that helps you in any legal issues from domestic to international level. We Nepalese Lawyers are devoted to our clients from various corner of the world for their legal solution and assistance in family, business, contract and litigation etc. we have 30 years and more experience in legal service in Nepal. We have qualified human resource from Nepal to USA. Our company has providing the best service in lawyering in Nepal specially in business, domestic business legal service, inter-country legal service, investment in Nepal, family law related issues in Nepal, court marriage, post marriage, cultural marriage, divorce and adoption in Nepal. Furthermore, we have more service too they are company registration in Nepal, corporate legal service, joint venture, arbitration and litigation in Nepal, corporate counseling, consultant as well as advocacy.
    Court marriage in Nepal
    Adoption in Nepal
    Company registration in Nepal

    ReplyDelete
  9. Shiva Excursion Pvt. Ltd. is Dynamically Design by choice of Customer Activities in Nepal. Local Base License holder Trekking Company & 15 Years Experiences Trekking tour Seller with more Adventure Activities Operated Trekking agency in Nepal.The top ten High Light full Board Package Activities As Annapurna Base Camp Trek, Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek, Annapurna round trek, Nar Phu Valley Trek, Upper Mustang trek,Manaslu circuit trek, Manaslu tsum valley trek, Ganesh himal Trek, Ruby Valley trek, Langtang valley trek, Langtang tamang Heritage trail, goshainkunda Lake pass, Helambu circuit trek, Everest base Camp Trek most challenging high passes as Everest
    Chola & Renjola Pass, Everest Three high pass, Ganjala Pass trek. Other Wilderness less touristic area as Kanchenjunga Trek, Makalu Base Camp trek & most high Light
    Adventure Peak Climbing in Nepal as Island Peak Climbing, Mera Peak Climbing & Loboje Peak Climbing.
    The rare with wildlife activities tour in Nepal, Kathmandu to Chitwan jungle seafaring & more touring programs Manage by Shiva Excursion Pvt. Ltd.
    Best Regard by
    trekking in nepal

    ReplyDelete
  10. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete

  11. Encountersnepal.com is professional and Lengal Trekking Company in Nepal
    and Base Located Trekking Agency,
    and Most top Package is Trekking in Nepal
    With fair deal.

    ReplyDelete